Scientific name: Muscardinus avellanarius
Appearance: The Hazel Dormouse has golden-brown fur and is the only British small mammal that has a furry tail. It has large black eyes and long whiskers. It also has long toes which are an adaptation for climbing.
Size: Head and body 6-9 cm; Tail 5.7 – 6.8 cm; Weight 15-35 g.
Natural history: Once widespread and relatively common the Hazel Dormouse has been in long-term decline and is now only patchily distributed - mainly in southern England in in Wales. Even before its decline the Hazel Dormouse was difficult to see as it spends over half the year in hibernation (October to May) and when active is strictly nocturnal. It typically occupies deciduous woodland with a diverse understorey but, may also be found in overgrown hedgerows or scrub. Its diet is mainly vegetarian and is extremely varied utilising a wide range of flowers, pollen, fruits, berries and nuts throughout the season. The females give birth to (usually) one litter of around four young a year in late July or August. Males play no part in raising the young which start to leave the nest after about 30 days.